HTML Classes & ID's

HTML classes and IDs are essential tools for developers to customize the appearance of web elements and precisely target them for styling and scripting purposes. These attributes allow for granular control over styling and interactions, fostering a dynamic and visually cohesive user experience.


Classes in HTML are denoted by the ‘class’ attribute and allow developers to apply the same style to multiple elements. This grouping mechanism is particularly useful when you want various elements to share similar visual properties.

<p class="highlight">This paragraph stands out.</p>

<p>This one doesn't.</p>

In the example above, the ‘highlight’ class applies a specific style to the first paragraph, making it visually distinct from the second.



IDs, indicated by the ‘id’ attribute, offer a way to uniquely identify individual elements within a page. Unlike classes, which can be shared by multiple elements, IDs must be unique within a single page.

<div id="header">This is the header.</div>

<div>This is some content.</div>

Here, the ‘header’ ID allows for precise targeting of the header element, enabling specific styling or scripting tailored to that particular element.


Styling with Classes and IDs:

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is where classes and IDs truly shine. You can apply styles based on these attributes, creating uniformity or distinctiveness as needed.

.highlight {
background-color: yellow;


#header {
font-size: 24px;
color: blue;


The ‘highlight’ class adds a yellow background to all elements with that class, while the ‘header’ ID modifies font size and color for a unique header appearance.


JavaScript and IDs

IDs are particularly handy when scripting with JavaScript. They provide a straightforward way to access specific elements for manipulation.

const header = document.getElementById('header');

header.innerHTML = 'New Header Text';

In this example, JavaScript accesses the element with the ‘header’ ID and changes its content.


Best Practices

When using classes and IDs, it’s beneficial to choose names that reflect the element’s purpose. Semantically meaningful names make your code more readable, maintainable, and understandable.


HTML classes and IDs are the artisans’ chisels, allowing developers to sculpt the appearance and behaviour of web elements. By grouping elements for unified styles, pinpointing elements for precise targeting, and facilitating seamless interaction with scripts, classes and IDs contribute to a polished, user-friendly digital landscape. Whether you’re creating a uniform layout or applying custom enhancements, these attributes empower you to craft engaging and interactive web experiences that resonate with your audience.

Build something ULTIMATE!

About Us

Learn about HTML, CSS, SASS, Javascript, jQuery, PHP, SQL, WordPress. From basics to tips and tricks.

Connect With us

© 2023 Ultimate WebDev

This website uses cookies to improve your experience. By browsing this website, you agree to our cookies. Accept Read More